Cisco Facts – A Collection of Ansible IOS / NXOS Facts and Genie Parsing Playbooks

Cisco DevNet Code Exchange has published my repository !

Dark Mode

Cisco_Facts (this link opens in a new window) by automateyournetwork (this link opens in a new window)

Ansible playbooks that use the IOS / NXOS Facts modules and Genie parsed commands to transform RAW JSON into business-ready documentation

Here you can easily start capturing Ansible Facts for IOS and NXOS and transform the JSON into CSV and Markdown !

Also included are a bunch of valuable Genie parsed show commands which transform the response into JSON then again transforms the JSON into CSV and Markdown!

The playbooks use Prompts so you should be able to clone the repo and update the hosts file and start targeting your hosts! For full enterprise support I suggest you refactor the group_vars and remove the prompts moving to full Ansible Vault – but for portability and ease of start-up I’ve made them prompted playbooks for now.

I would love to hear how they work out for you – please comment below if you have success!

Cisco Services APIs Ansible Playbooks – Version 2.0

I am very pleased to release the Cisco Services API Ansible Playbooks Version 2.0 which has been approved and released on Cisco DevNet Code Exchange !

You can find the code here and here

This major revision basically shifts away from lineinfile to Jinaj2 Templates for scale, performance, readability, and general best practices.

Serial 2 Info

The Cisco Serial 2 Info API receives a valid serial number and then returns structured JSON with your Cisco Contractual information !

The playbook uses the Genie parser to parse the show inventory command

After authenticating against the OAuth 2 service to get a Bearer token

It provides the API the serial number for every part per device.

The API provides the following information back:

Which we first dump into JSON and YAML files

Then template into CSV and MD

Using Jinja2

Which gives us:

Recommended Release

The other, very similar, Ansible playbook uses the Cisco Recommended Release API to create a spreadsheet with the current image on a host and the Cisco recommended version for that host given the Part ID (PID)

Here we don’t even have to use Genie to parse we can use the Ansible Facts module

And we transform again with Jinja2

And get this create report!

Please reach out to me directly if you need any help implementing these playbooks but I believe the instructions and code to be easy enough any beginner, with a little bit of refactoring and thought, could use this code as a starting point in their automation journey.

Dark Mode

Cisco_API_v2 (this link opens in a new window) by automateyournetwork (this link opens in a new window)

Ansible playbooks that capture serial number and PID and send them to the Cisco.com APIs transforming the response into business-ready documents. Version 2.0 uses Jinja2 templates.

A Recipe For Success – Using Ansible to Transform Cisco Data Centre Facts into Business-Ready Documentation

One of my favourite recipes is the Hakuna Frittata both because not only am I a big fan of puns, I also enjoy this hearty vegetarian meal that even I can handle putting together.

Inspired by this simple recipe I have decided to try and document my highly successful Ansible Cisco NXOS Facts playbook that captures and transforms raw facts from the data centre into business-ready documentation – automatically.

Ansible Cisco NXOS Facts to Business-Ready Documentation
Prep: 60-90 Min
Cook: 2-3 Min
Serves: An entire enterprise

Ingredients

1 Preheated Visual Studio Code
1 Git repository and Git
1 stick of Linux (a host with Ansible installed and SSH connectivity to the network devices)
3 pinches of Python filters
1 Cup of Ansible playbook (a YAML file with the serially executed tasks Ansible will perform)
1 Cup of Ansible module – NXOS_Facts
2 Tablespoons of Jinja2 Template
1 Teaspoon of hosts file
1 Tablespoon of group_vars
2 Raw Eggs – Cisco NXOS 7000 Aggregation Switches

Helpful Tip

This is not magic but did not necessarily come easy to me. You can use debug and print msg to yourself at the CLI. At each step that I register or have data inside a new variable I like to print it to the screen (one to see what the data, in JSON format, looks like; and two, to confirm my variable is not empty!)

Directions

1. You will need to first setup a hosts file listing your targeted hosts. I like to have a hierarchy as such:

hosts
[DC:children]
DCAgg
DCAccess

[DCAgg]
N7K01
N7K02

[DCAccess]
N5KA01
N5KB01
N5KA02
N5KB02

Or whatever your logical topology resembles.

2. Next we need to be able to securely connect to the devices. Create a group_vars folder and inside create a file that matches your hosts group name – in this case DC.yml

DC.yml
+

3. Create all the various output folder structure you require to store the files the playbook creates. I like something hierarchical again:

4. Create a playbooks folder to store the YAML file format Ansible playbook and a file called CiscoDCAggFacts.yml

In this playbook, which runs serially, we first capture the facts then transform them into business-ready documentation.

First we scope our targeted hosts (hosts: DCAgg)

Then we use the NXOS_Facts module to go gather all of the data. I want all the data so I choose gather_subset : – all but I could pick a smaller subset of facts to collect.

Next, and this is an important step, we take the captured data, now stored in the magic Ansible variable – {{ ansible_facts }} and put that into output files.

Using the | to_nice_json and | to_nice_yaml Python filters we can make the “RAW JSON” inside the variable (one long string if you were to look at it) into human-readable documentation.

4b. Repeatable step

NXOS Facts provides facts that can be put into the following distinct reports:

Platform information (hostname, serial number, license, software version, disk and memory information)
A list of all of the installed Modules hosted on the platform
A list of all IP addresses hosted on the platform
A list of all VLANs hosted on the platform
A list of all of the enabled Features on the platform
A list of all of the Interfaces, physical and virtual, including Fabric Extenders (FEX)
A list of all connected Neighbors
Fan information
Power Supply information

For some of these files, if the JSON data is structured in way that lends itself, I will create both a Comma-Separated Values (csv; a spreadsheet) file and a markdown (md; “html-light”) file. Some of the reports is just the csv file (IPs, Features, VLANs specifically).

The follow code can be copied 9 times and adjusted by updating the references – the task name, the template name, and the output file name – otherwise the basic structure is repeatable.

In order to create the HTML mind map you will also need mark map installed.

Another example of the code – this is the Interfaces section – notice only the name, src, and dest file names need to be updated as well as the MD and HTML file names in the shell command.

5. The Jinja2 Templates

Now that we have finished our Ansible playbook we need to create the Jinja2 templates we reference in the Ansible template module (in the src line)

Create the following folder structure to store the templates:

roles\dc\dc_agg\templates

Then, for each of the 9 templating tasks, create a matching .j2 file – for example the “base facts” as I like to call them – CiscoDCAggFacts.j2

In this template we need an If Else End If structure to test if we are templating csv or markdown then some For Loops to iterate over the JSON lists and key value pairs.

Add a header row with columns for the various fields of data. Reference your Nice JSON file to find the key value pairs.

No “For Loop” is required here just straight data from the JSON

Since its not csv it must be md; so add the appropriate markdown header rows

Then add the data row using markdown pipes for delimiters instead of commas

Close out the If

An example with For Loops might be Interfaces or Neighbors but the rest of the syntax and structure is the same

Now because there are multiple interfaces I need to loop or iterate over each interface.

Now add the row of data

Note you can include “In-line” If statements to check if a variable is defined. Some interfaces might not have a Description for example. Test if it is defined first, and if not (else) use a default of “No Description”

Other fields are imperative and do not need to be tested.

Close the Loop

Now do the markdown headers for Interfaces

Then the For Loop again and data row again but using pipes

Then close out the If statement

Complete the remaining templates. Save everything and Git commit / push up to your repo.

Cooking Time

Lets run the playbook against two fully-loaded production Nexus 7000s using the Linux time command

Two minutes in the oven !

Results

Some samples of the output.

First the Nice JSON – note the lists have been collapsed to be brief but any of the lists can be expanded in VS Code for the details

Interfaces

Neighbors

Now some prefer YAML to JSON so we have the exact same data but in YAML format as well

Now the above is already incredible but I wouldn’t call JSON and YAML files “business-ready” – for that we need a spreadsheet!

The real tasty stuff are the CSV files!

The general facts

Interfaces

Note that you can filter these csv files directly in VS Code – here I have applied a filter on all interfaces without a description

This captures all types of interfaces

Including SVIs

The Markdown provides a quickly rendered VS Code or browser experience

And the Interactive HTML is pretty neat!

Now remember we have all of these file types for all of the various facts these are just a few samples I like to hand out to the audience – for the full blown experience you can hopefully follow this recipe and cook your own Cisco NXOS Ansible Facts playbook!

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is image-72.png

Please reach out if you need any additional tips or advice ! I can be reached here or on my social media platforms.

Collaboration is the key to automation success – A Genie Success Story

I’ve been on about a three year journey with network automation and while I have had great personal and technical success – my organization and most of those outside my immediate day-to-day circle are still shackled to the ‘old’ way of doing things (primarily the CLI).

This year I decided to start a new program – a training session for those outside of my small development team – primarily targeted at the “operations” staff who can benefit the most from automation and infrastructure as code. This includes network operators, monitoring / NOC team members, IT Security staff, other developers, compute (server / storage) teams; everybody is welcome. We divided the calendar up into different teams with different recurring timeslots.

In advance I had written and tested a bunch of Code for the Campus Core – Ansible Facts and Genie parsed show commands – transforming the output into business-ready documentation. My plan was simple enough:

1. Ensure everybody was on the same page and had the same toolkit
* VS Code
* Git
* Azure DevOps repository bookmarked
* Various VS Code extensions
* A basic overview of main vs working branches in Git
* A basic outline on Ansible, YAML, Jinja2, and JSON

2. An operator would create a working development branch – in our case the Distribution Layer – so dist_facts Git branch.
* This operator ‘drives’ the whole session sharing their screen
* Step by step, line by line, refactoring (fancy way of saying copy-pasting) working code from the Core and updating it for the Distribution Layer as necessary
* Git clone, add, commit, push, and pull performed in both VS Code and Linux CLI
* Ansible playbook executed with a –limit against one building, then at scale after validating output
* Thorough tour of the JSON, YAML, CSV, MD, and HTML files after each run

3. Work through Ansible Facts and various Genie parsed commands to build up a source of truth

So far it has been a very successful approach with the two teams adopting Marvel superhero teams (TEAM: CAPTAIN AMERICA and TEAM: IRON MAN respectively) allowing me to create memes like this:

Image

Anyway – back to the point – today we had the following exchange:

Me: “So – we just parsed the show etherchannel summary CLI command and transformed the output into CSV files – amazing right! Any questions?”

Operator catching on quickly: “We use the show interfaces trunk command often to track down what VLANs are being carried on which interfaces – can we transform that into a CSV?”

Me, excited and proud of the Operator: “Amazing question and I’m glad you brought up a practical example of a command you use in the field all the time we can maybe transform into something a little more useful than CLI output!

Launch the Genie parser search engine (under available parsers on the left menu) and let’s see if there is a parser available

Bingo! Let’s do it!”

The playbook

In this example we are targeting the Campus Core.

The playbook is simple enough

Use the Ansible ios_command module to issue and register the show interfaces trunk command

Next, using the Genie filter plugin

Filter the raw variable and register a new variable with the Genie parsed results

Note you need to pass the parse_genie filter two arguments the command itself and the appropriate Cisco operating system

Next I like to create a Nice JSON and Nice YAML file with the parsed results as follows:

Which look like this:

And this:

I then use a loop to create a CSV and MD file from a Jinja2 template

The Jinaj2 Template looks like this

Couple things to hightlight:

* We challenge the current iteration of the Ansible loop and when it is on “csv” we template a CSV file format otherwise (else) it will be “md” and we template a markdown file
* The For Loop is over each interface in the results
* Be careful with the CSV file you need to regex_replace the comma out of results because they are comma-separated which will throw off your CSV file. The markdown does not require any regex.

Which results in this amazing sortable, searchable, filterable, version controller, source controller, truthful, fact-based CSV file:

Now this example is just the singular logical Core but we will quickly refactor the code next week in our next session together and the operator who wanted this playbook will get a chance to write it ! Then we will have the interface trunk information for the entire campus automatically in spreadsheets!

The moral of this story is to collaborate. Ask your front-line operators how automation can help them. Do they have any frequently used or highly valuable CLI Commands they want transformed into CSV format? Would Ansible facts help them? And then show them how to do it so they can start writing these playbooks for themselves.